How to Play Dou Shou Qi
“The Jungle Game”
Dou Shou Qi
Pronounced “Doe Show Chee,” which means literally, Animal Fight Game, often referred to as “the Jungle Game,” or simply, “Jungle.” This is a popular game in China, especially among children. It is apparently derived from the very popular Xiangqi — the Chinese form of chess. Although Dou Shou Qi is not familiar to many in the western world, it has strong similarities to the game Stratego.
The starting arrangement of the pieces is shown by pictures and Chinese characters printed right on the board. The board above shows the beginning position, with the pieces’ English names. Note that the opposite sides do not mirror each other. The Elephant faces the Rat across the board; each player has the Lion at his right hand, etc.
Each player has eight pieces, different animals, with different degrees of power. Here are the pieces, their English names, and their relative powers, indicated by number:
The Animals depicted on the pieces shown here are very interesting abstractions. Your set may look like this, or may have the same animals depicted in a different style — and the same animals may be depicted differently on the board as well. You may want to pencil the pieces’ value numbers, 1 through 8, on the underside of each piece, or keep this chart on hand, to help you become acquainted with the pieces as you play.
Object of the Game
To win the game, one player must successfully move any animal into the Den of the opponent. (see Den in the diagram above)
Movment of the Peices
The black (or darker) pieces have the first move. All pieces have the same basic move, although some have special powers (described below). The basic move is just one space either forward, backward, left or right. The pieces never move diagonally.
An animal is captured (or “eaten”) by an opposing animal moving onto its square, as in chess or Stratego. But the attacking animal must be of equal or higher power than the one being captured. For instance, the Tiger (6) can capture the Tiger (6), Leopard (5) or Dog (4), but the Dog can not capture the Leopard or Tiger.
1) The Rat, although it is the least powerful piece, has the power to capture the Elephant. The Elephant can not capture the Rat. It is said that this is because the rat can creep in under the Elephant’s ear and eat his brain (!).
2) The Rat, and no other animal, can move freely in the water. It can not, however, attack the Elephant from the water.
3) Both the Lion and the Tiger can jump over the water, moving from one bank straight forward, backward, left or right (like a rook in chess) to the first square of dry land on the other side. They may capture in this move as well. The Lion and Tiger may not, however, jump over a rat if it is in the way, in the water.
Each side has three Trap squares surrounding its Den. A player may move on and off of his own Trap squares with no effect. If, however, a player moves onto the opponent’s trap square, that piece loses all of its power, and may be captured by any of the defending pieces.
Animals are not allowed to move into their own Dens. When an animal moves into the opponent’s Den, it has won the game.